Offset Filter To Make Tileable Textures
By Neil Blevins
Created On: Sept 25th 2005
Updated On: Mar 19th 2007

Go here to read this tutorial in Russian.

This is a pretty standard trick that most people know, but I do a slight variation that you may find useful.

Say you have a texture fragment like this (This is a photo I took at Lake Mead)...

Offset1

And you want to use it to tile (repeat) over a large surface.

Offset2

This of course doesn't look even remotely natural because you can see the seams (see the red arrows). So how to make the texture tileable? The first trick under your belt should be the offset filter. Take your original image, use the offset filter (make sure it's set to wrap around) and set it to half the size of your image, in this case, my image is 400x400 pixels, so set it to 200x200 pixels. You get this result.

Offset3

Now use the clone brush to clone parts of the rock overtop of the seam. You get this result...

Offset4

Now it tiles nicely with no obvious seams...

Offset5

This is a pretty standard technique, but one trick I like to mention is be careful which brush you use to do you cloning. If you use a brush that's too hard or too soft, you'll still have problems at the seams. For example, here's this hard brush...

Brush1

being used to clone this image (the image has been enlarged so we can see the details)...

Brush2

Here's the result, notice how it's slightly better, but you can see the hard edge of the brush...

Brush3

So the answer is usually use a soft edged brush, but that can also cause problems...

Brush4

Brush5

This is far better, but notice the details sort of fade into each other in the seam area. So you get this big blurry mess in the middle. This artifact is also be undesirable, so for my work I use a chaotically shaped hard/soft brush, which isn't too hard, isn't too soft, and is oddly shaped so that the eye can't pick up on the brush strokes...

Brush6

Also adjust the brushes parameters with a large "Angle Jitter", that way each brush stroke will have a different pattern (since the brush will be rotated a random value as you clone), and maybe some size jitter (although it's not necessary).

Brush7

This gives far more realistic results when you blend the seam away.

Brush8

Here's the image at regular resolution, no blurry mess, no hard edges...

Brush9


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